D04 Jackson Memphis
Published: 15/11/2019
It is basically a short drive from Jackson to Memphis, via a nice walk past Paris and Union City, we arrive at a brisk journey of 424 km. Almost every town in the Memphis area has produced a famous musician. For example, the town of Nutbush is the birthplace of Tina Turner.

Memphis is known for two legendary people, civil rights activist Martin Luther King and superstar Elvis Presley, who have both left their mark on 'The River City'. In addition, the city along the Mississippi River is the birthplace of blues music, a genre that is well represented on historic Beale Street. But you will also regularly hear other music such as Soul and Rock 'n' roll here.

Beale Street has already been mentioned, but what about: The Sun Studio, where greats like Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash and Jerry Lee Lewis recorded their hits. Graceland, the estate of Elvis Presley, about 15 miles south of downtown Memphis. The glorious villa offers a unique glimpse into the life of the King of Rock 'n Roll. The National Civil Rights Museum that the heartbreaking struggle that African-Americans fought for freedom and equal rights. Or the Memphis Zoo, the zoo that is considered one of the best zoos in America.

You can start the Mississippi Delta in many places, but perhaps Graceland, the home of Elvis Presley, is the most appropriate. Beale Street Historic District is also a possibility, but if you come to Memphis with music in your ears, it is mainly thanks to Elvis Presley who ensured the great fusion of southern music.
Everyone knows that the blues was born here, but nobody can tell you where exactly and how. The most acceptable version is that chants on the plantations with strong African characteristics were combined with traditional country music where everything that produced sound could be an instrument, washboards, basses consisting of one string strung over a bucket, empty bottles: everything can be used. Route 61 is therefore the music route of America. Along this path, music from the delta with the moving blacks first flowed to Memphis, and later to Chicago, where it became the Chicago Blues in electrically amplified form.

In this 4-star route you will drive on beautiful good roads, through beautiful surroundings, and you will also stop regularly to take some pictures in this route.

Today's Memphis has its origins in 1819. Before the emergence of the modern city, however, there were already settlements of the Chikasaw and Mississippi Indians. From the sixteenth century, Spanish and French explorers undertook expeditions in the area, but it was not until the early nineteenth century that the Chikasaw tribe sold their rights in the area and thus enabled the creation of Memphis.

Memphis was founded on May 22, 1819 by John Overton, James Winchester and Andrew Jackson, the later president of the United States. The trio had grand plans for the settlement, which was named after the capital of ancient Egypt. After its establishment, a period of rapid growth followed, with Memphis, because of its favorable location on the Mississippi, becoming an economically important place for the cotton industry and the slave trade. During this period a large part of the population consisted of slaves and the explosive growth of the city was only halted by the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861. Tennessee belonged to the southern states that were pro-slavery. Memphis was captured by the Union's northern troops after just over a year and remained outside of a brief uprising (led by Nathan Bedford Forrest, the later founder of the Ku-Klux clan) without much difficulty in the hands of the Union.

The city barely had a chance to recover from the war due to various outbreaks of yellow fever. Because the cause of the outbreaks was unknown, it was very difficult to control the disease. It even went so far that Memphis went bankrupt in 1879 and (temporarily) lost its city rights. In the 1990s, the city picked up again and modern Memphis emerged. A new flowering period in the first half of the twentieth century made Memphis the most important trading place in the world in the field of cotton and hardwood. It also grew in other respects. Jazz and rhythm & blues (r & b) were further developed in the black clubs until finally rock & roll came into existence. The upper class of the south came together in the chic hotels in the center of the city, such as the Peabody Hotel. In 1916, Memphis was also the first city in the world with a self-service supermarket.

In the 1960s, Memphis (like the entire South) was in the news worldwide because of the struggle of the black population for civil rights. Martin Luther King was murdered in 1968 on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel.
Discovery Park of America
Memorial Park Paris Tennessee
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End point of the route
Discovery Park of America

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The images and text displayed here originate from the Wikipedia article "Tennessee", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
About this region
Tennessee ( (listen), locally ), officially the State of Tennessee, is a state in the southeastern United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest by area and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. It is bordered by eight states, with Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, and Missouri to the northwest. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms its western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2019 population of 670,820 and a 2019 metro population of 1,934,317. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 651,073 and metro population of 1,346,045 in 2019.The state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was initially part of North Carolina, and later part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861. Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war.Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia, and more soldiers for the Union Army than the rest of the Confederacy combined. Beginning during Reconstruction, it had competitive party politics, but a Democratic takeover in the late 1880s resulted in passage of disenfranchisement laws that excluded most blacks and many poor whites from voting. This sharply reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. In the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from an agrarian economy to a more diversified economy, aided by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge. This city was established just outside of Knoxville to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bombs, two of which were dropped on Imperial Japan near the end of World War II. After the war, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory became and remains a key center for scientific research. In 2016, the element tennessine was named for the state, largely in recognition of the roles played by Oak Ridge, Vanderbilt University, and the University of Tennessee in the element’s discovery.Tennessee's major industries include agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. Poultry, soybeans, and cattle are the state's primary agricultural products, and major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, and electrical equipment. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the nation's most visited national park, is located in the eastern part of the state, and a section of the Appalachian Trail roughly follows the Tennessee–North Carolina border. Other major tourist attractions include the Tennessee Aquarium and Chattanooga Choo-Choo Hotel in Chattanooga; Dollywood in Pigeon Forge; Ripley's Aquarium of the Smokies and Ober Gatlinburg in Gatlinburg; the Parthenon, the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, and Ryman Auditorium in Nashville; the Jack Daniel's Distillery in Lynchburg; Elvis Presley's Graceland residence and tomb, the Memphis Zoo, the National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis; and Bristol Motor Speedway in Bristol.
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View route collection Top car and motorcycle tour through the Deep South of the USA
About this route collection
By car or motorcycle through the deep south of America, a journey that you do not just make, so also not 12 days driving and then back home. No, book a stay of several days in Pigeon Forge, Nashville, Memphis, Natchez and New Orleans and again Pigeon Forge to also visit multiple places of interest in these cities, so that this tour becomes an unforgettable tour that you can think back with pleasure.

Don't forget to arrange and pack the following:
* This is only a summary and completely personal and may differ per person.

Take out travel insurance, +31 for numbers in GSM, Take out gas (in part), Health insurance coverage at destination ?, Switch off electrical devices, Lighting (timer), Check passport validity, Antenna from radio / TV for lightning, Residence address for those staying behind, Remote control book home alarm, Smart Parking.

Hand luggage:
Liquids in packaging of max. 100 ml, Liquids in hand luggage in transparent plastic bag.

For on the road:
Sweets, Book, Earplugs, Country and road map (s), Directions, Maps in your navigation system

Money & Securities:
Bank card / giro card, Credit card (Remember pin code), Cash, Internet banking calculator, Medical insurance card, Travel insurance card.

Travel documents:
Passport, (International) Driving license, Ticket (s), Reservation receipts, Hotel vouchers, Arrival / Departure time, Check-in & check-out times, Valid visa (ESTA), Travel guide.

Underwear, Belt, Shirts / T-shirts, Short pants, Long pants, Shoes, Socks, Swimming trunks, Towel, Bath slippers.

Personal stuff:
Watch, House Keys, Wallet, Sunglasses.

Deodorant, Shower gel / Soap, Comb / brush, Shaving gear, Shampoo, Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Sanitary pads

Health & Medicine:
Own medicines, Insect repellent, Cold sore ointment, Ointment for insect bites, Sunscreen, Norit, Paracetamol, Suction cup for insect bites, First aid bag.

Travel bag / hip bag, Leatherman (= checked bag), Pen or pencil, Head lamp, Lighter, Tools & Electronics, Mobile phone & charger, Photo / video camera & charger, Memory card (s), World plug / adapter, Ipod & charger, Adapter cable Ipod, Headphones, iPad & charger, Navigation & charger / plug, Socket, Fuelpack battery.

Engine (accessories):
Helmet, Motorcycle clothing, Motorcycle boots, Chain lock / disc brake lock, Gloves, Bandana, Inside bags (plastic shopping bag), Insulation bag, Lashing straps, Tiewraps, Rainsuit, Rainaway.

Address list, Telephone number embassy, Telephone number to block (bank) card (s), Telephone number (airline tickets).