D09 Sandpoint Colville
Published: 17/10/2019
Salish Kootenai Dam
Along the Pend Oreille river we leave the state of Idaho. We drive along beautiful rural roads through the Flathead Indian Reservation, the home of three Indian tribes: the 'Bitterroot Salish', the 'Kootenai' and the 'Pend d'Oreilles' that lived from both buffalo hunting and salmon fishing.

The Bitterroot Salish (or Flathead, Salish, Selish) are a Salish-speaking group of Indians and one of the three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana.

The Flathead Reservation is also the home base for the Kootenai and Pend d'Oreilles tribes. Bitterroot Salish of Flathead originally lived in an area west of Billings, Montana that extends to the continental gorge in the west and south of Great Falls, Montana that extends to the border between Montana and Wyoming. From there they later went west to the Bitterroot Valley. Upon request, a Catholic mission was built here in 1841. In 1891 they were forcibly moved to The Flathead Reservation.
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The Pend d'Orille, also known as the Kalispel, are indigenous peoples of the Northwest plateau. Today, many of them live in Montana and eastern Washington. The Kalispel peoples referred to their primary tribes as Kaniksu.
Their traditional territory was along the banks of the Flathead River, Clark Fork and Pend Oreille rivers. It stretched from the current Plains, Montana, westward along the Clark Fork River, to Lake Pend Oreille and Priest Lake in Idaho, and the Pend Oreille River (Ntxwe, meaning "river") in East Washington and into British Columbia (Canada).
They traditionally lived in many tribes, originally probably eleven tribes, and are generally geographically and culturally divided into two groups:
1. The "upstream people" or Upper Kalispel (or "Upper Pend d'Orille") are commonly called the Pend d'Oreille. They were also known as Kullyspelm or Ql̓ispé ("Camas People") and are now registered in the federally recognized Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana.

2. The "downstream people" or Lower Kalispel (or "Lower Pend d'Orille") are commonly called the Kalispel. They were also known as Silkatkmlschi or Sɫq̓etkʷmsčin̓t ("People who live along the banks of the broad water") because they were located around Lake Flathead (Čɫq̓étkʷ - "Broad water"). Today they are enrolled in the Kalispel Tribe or Indians in Washington and some families are part of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe in Idaho.
Some Kalispel are registered in the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation in East Washington. Prior to colonization by European Americans, Chewelah was home to a band of the Lower Kalispel people. The band was known as the Slet̓éw̓si, meaning "valley people". The Chewelah Band of Indians is currently part of the Spokane Tribe of Indians of Washington.
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Kootenai, historically, Kootenai tribes occupy areas along the Kootenai River in parts of Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia. Although they did not share a common language with another group, they were closely associated with the Flatheads and the Kalispel Pend Oreilles through common areas and marriages. Their lifestyle depended on hunting, fishing and collecting carrots and berries. The mainstay of their diet was salmon, starchy roots and bulbs. Their culture was semi-nomadic, with permanent winter villages in the vicinity of good fishing spots. Their social structure was based on the extended family groups. Clothing was made from woven bark and plant fibers; Lodges were conical huts built from a pole frame covered with storm mats. Basketry supplies most utensils, including cups, bowls and storage bags. As with other tribes, the Dawes law of 1877 lost the popular allocations and the popular assignments they had received from the 1855 Convention. Much of their original territory is now in the hands of non-Indians. They currently live on a reservation of 2,695 hectares. They operate under a constitution written after the Wheeler-Howard Act.

In this 4-star route you will drive along beautiful good roads, and through a beautiful environment, culture sniffing in the Indian reservation where you will certainly stop 1 or more times.

History:
John Work, an agent for The Hudson's Bay Company, founded Fort Colvile near the fur trade Kettle Falls in 1825. It replaced the Spokane House and the Flathead Post as the main trading center on the Upper Columbia River.
Americans also wanted to operate in this territory. The border dispute in Oregon (or the Oregon issue) arose in the first half of the 19th century as a result of competing British and American claims on the Pacific Northwest. It was governed by the Oregon Treaty of 1846, which laid the new border between Canada and the United States on the 49th Parallel, north of Fort Colville. The post was used for some time as a center for mining and transport / supply support in connection with gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s, especially with the Holcomb Valley Gold Rush in California. After it was abandoned in 1870, some buildings stood until late in 1910. The site was flooded by Lake Roosevelt after the construction of the Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River.

The Kettle Falls archaeological district, including 17 pre-contact sites, as well as Fort Colville and St. Paul's Mission, were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Some archaeological studies were done in the 1960s when the lake was lowered for additional dam construction and others were undertaken. The district is very important for pre-contact and later native American and American history.

In 1859, the US Army established a new Fort Colville in Pinkney City, Washington, about 3 miles NE of the current city of Colville. That fort was abandoned in 1882. At the end of 1871, with the resolution of Hudson's Bay Company land claims, Governor Edward Selig Salomon ordered John Wynne to accept those countries, including those currently part of the city of Colville. Urban development moved to its current location in the Colville River Valley before 1882. In January 1883, WF Hooker submitted the first flat in Stevens County with the name "Belmont" or "Bellmond". He was encouraged to change the name to Colville so that the provincial capital could be moved to this location. On December 28, 1883, the Stevens County Board of County Commissioners, including district commissioner John U. Hofstetter, held a special session on removing district records to Colville from the provincial capital of Pinkney City. In that meeting, commissioners had the city prison moved to Colville if the owners provided a piece of land for provincial offices. County officers were allowed to move to a building by John U. Hofstetter. On January 1, 1884, the courthouse moved from Stevens County to Colville. City tradition says that Colville was founded by John U. Hofstetter. It was officially incorporated as a city on June 7, 1890.
In the 1950s, the Colville Air Force Station was developed and operated in the hills above the city as part of the Air Defense Command radar station network. Today there are still a few buildings on the site. It is largely used by paintballers.
Colville
Flathead Indian Reservation
Useful links:
Startpoint
Eindpoint
Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge
Stevens History Museum

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About this region
Washington commonly refers to: Washington (state), United States Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States Federal government of the United States (metonym) Washington metropolitan area, the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C. George Washington (1732–1799), the first president of the United StatesWashington may also refer to:
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View route collection Top car and motorcycle tour through Canada USA and the Rockies
About this route collection
Traveling by car or motorcycle through Canada, USA and the Rockies, is a journey that you do not just make, so also not 15 days driving and then back home. No, book a stay of several days in Vancouver, Jasper, Banff, Seattle and Port Alberni and again Vancouver to visit multiple places of interest in these cities, so that this tour becomes an unforgettable tour that you can look back on with pleasure.

Don't forget to arrange and pack the following:
* This is only a summary and completely personal and may differ per person.

Take out travel insurance, +31 for numbers in GSM, Take out gas (in part), Health insurance coverage at destination ?, Switch off electrical devices, Lighting (timer), Check passport validity, Antenna from radio / TV for lightning, Residence address for those staying behind, Remote control book home alarm, Smart Parking.

Hand luggage:
Liquids in packaging of max. 100 ml, Liquids in hand luggage in clear plastic bag.

For on the road:
Sweets, Book, Earplugs, Country and road map (s), Directions, Maps in your navigation system

Money & Securities:
Bank card / giro card, Credit card (Remember pin code), Cash, Internet banking calculator, Medical insurance card, Travel insurance card.

Travel documents:
Passport, (International) Driving license, Ticket (s), Reservation receipts, Hotel vouchers, Arrival / Departure time, Check-in & check-out times, Valid visa (ESTA), Travel guide.

Clothing:
Underwear, Belt, Shirts / T-shirts, Short pants, Long pants, Shoes, Socks, Swimming trunks, Towel, Bath slippers.

Personal stuff:
Watch, House Keys, Wallet, Sunglasses.

Toiletries:
Deodorant, Shower gel / Soap, Comb / brush, Shaving gear, Shampoo, Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Sanitary pads

Health & Medicine:
Own medicines, Insect repellent, Cold sore ointment, Ointment for insect bites, Sunscreen, Norit, Paracetamol, Suction cup for insect bites, First aid bag.

Miscellaneous:
Travel bag / hip bag, Leatherman (= checked bag), Pen or pencil, Head lamp, Lighter, Tools & Electronics, Mobile phone & charger, Photo / video camera & charger, Memory card (s), World plug / adapter, Ipod & charger, Adapter cable Ipod, Headphones, iPad & charger, Navigation & charger / plug, Socket, Fuelpack battery.

Engine (accessories):
Helmet, Motorcycle clothing, Motorcycle boots, Chain lock / disc brake lock, Gloves, Bandana, Inside bags (plastic shopping bag), Insulation bag, Lashing straps, Tiewraps, Rainsuit, Rainaway.

Addresses:
Address list, Telephone number embassy, ​​Telephone number to block (bank) card (s), Telephone number (airline tickets).
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Traveling by car or motorcycle through Canada, USA and the Rockies, is a journey that you don't just make, so also a 15-day drive and then back home. No, book a stay of several days in Vancouver, Jasper, Banff, Seattle and Port Alberni and again Vancouver to visit multiple places of interest in these cities, so that this tour becomes an unforgettable tour that you can look back on pleasure.

Don't forget to arrange and pack the following:
* This is only a summary and completely personal and may differ per person.

Take out travel insurance, +31 for mobile numbers, Take out gas (in part), Health insurance coverage at destination?, Switch off electrical devices, Lighting (timer), Check passport validity, Antenna from radio / TV for lightning, Residence address for those staying behind, Remote control book home alarm, Smart Parking.

Hand luggage:
Liquids in packaging or max. 100 ml, Liquids in hand luggage in transparent plastic bag.

For on the road:
Sweets, Book, Earplugs, Country and road map (s), Directions, Maps in your navigation system

Money & Securities:
Bank / giro card, Credit card (Remember pin code), Cash, Internet banking calculator, Medical insurance card, Travel insurance card.

Travel documents:
Passport, (International) Driving license, Ticket (s), Reservation receipts, Hotel vouchers, Arrival / Departure time, Check-in & check-out times, Valid visas (ESTA), Travel guide.

Clothing:
Underwear, Belt, Shirts / T-shirts, Short pants, Long pants, Shoes, Socks, Swimming trunks, Towel, Bath slippers.

Personal stuff:
Watch, House Keys, Wallet, Sunglasses.

Toiletries:
Deodorant, Shower gel / Soap, Comb / brush, Shaving gear, Shampoo, Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Sanitary pads

Health & Medicine:
Own medicines, Insect repellent, Cold sore ointment, Ointment for insect bites, Sunscreen, Norit, Paracetamol, Suction cup for insect bites, First aid bag.

Miscellaneous:
Travel bag / hip bag, Leatherman (= checked bag), Pen or pencil, Head lamp, Lighter, Tools & Electronics, Mobile phone & charger, Photo / video camera & charger, Memory card (s), World plug / adapter, Ipod & charger, Ipod adapter cable, Headphones, iPad & charger, Navigation & charger / plug, Socket, Fuelpack battery.

Engine (accessories):
Helmet, Motorcycle clothing, Motorcycle boots, Chain lock / disc brake lock, Gloves, Bandana, Inside bags (plastic shopping bag), Insulation bag, Lashing straps, Tiewraps, Rainsuit, Rainaway.

Addresses:
Address list, Telephone number embassy, ​​Telephone number to block (bank) card (s), Telephone number (airline tickets).